Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War
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First Vermont
Cavalry Regiment

There are two monuments to the First Vermont Cavalry south of Gettysburg. The main monument is in the Slyder field near Confederate Avenue. It was dedicated by the State of Vermont in 1889. (39.7869° N, 77.243801° W; map)


A second monument to the First Vermont Cavalry is nearby on Confederate Avenue nearby, but is generally seen as a monument to Major (later Major General) William Wells, and is on another page.


The 1st Vermont Cavalry was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Addison W. Preston. It brought 687 men to the field, losing 13 killed, 25 wounded and 27 missing.


Major (later Major General) WIlliam Wells earned the Medal of Honor on July 3rd for "extraordinary heroism while serving with 2d Battalion, 1st Vermont Cavalry, in action at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Major Wells led the second battalion of his regiment in a daring charge."



From the front of the Slyder Field monument:


First Regiment Vermont Cavalry

First Brig. Third Div. Cavalry Corps
In the Gettysburg campaign this
regiment fought Stuart's Cavalry at
Hanover, Pa. June 3d, and at Hunterstown
July 2d; and on this field July 3, led by
Gen. Elon J. Farnsworth, who fell near this
spot, charged through the First Texas Infantry
and to the line of Law's Brigade, receiving
the fire of five Confederate regiments and
two batteries, and losing 67 men.


From the rear:


Entered the United States service Nov. 19, 1861. Mustered out Aug. 9, 1865. Took part in the
battles of Gettysburg, Wilderness, Yellow
Tavern, Winchester, Cedar Creek, Waynesboro,
Five Forks, Appomattox Station and 67 other
battles and engagements. Aggregate 2297
officers and men. Killed and mortally
wounded in action 102; died of disease and
by accidents 123; died in Confederate prisons
172, - total 397. Total wounded in action 275.


See more on the 1st Vermont Cavalry Regiment during the Civil War

Front of the Monument to the First Vermont Cavalry at Gettysburg
(above) Front of the Monument to the First Vermont Cavalry at Gettysburg
(below) Rear view of the First Vermont Cavalry monument
Rear view of the First Vermont Cavalry monument

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About the Author • ©2007-2015 Steve A. Hawks