Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War

State of Pennsylvania Monument

The State of Pennsylvania monument is south of Gettysburg on Hancock Avenue at Pleasonton Avenue. (39.807658° N, 77.23517° W; map)

 

The State of Pennsylvania Monument is the largest monument on the Gettysburg battlefield. The tip of the sword of the statue of Winged Victory is 110 feet high. A staircase takes visitors to the roof of the monument, which offers a panoramic view of the battlefield.

 

The monument is made from North Carolina granite set over an iron and concrete frame. Its base and the inside of the monument are lined with bronze tablets listing the Pennsylvania regiments and batteries and the names of over 34,000 Pennsylvanians who participated in the battle.

 

Sculptor Samuel Murray created the 7,500 pound statue of Winged Victory which stand on top of the dome; its metal came from melted down Civil War cannon. He also created the reliefs over each of the arches, which represent infantry, cavalry, artillery, and signals.

 

On each side of the arches are bronze statues of Pennsylvania generals George Meade, John Reynolds, Winfield Scott Hancock, David Birney, Alfred Pleasonton and David Gregg, as well as Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin and President Lincoln.

 

The monument was dedicated on September 27th, 1910. The statues on each side of the arches were not added until April of 1913.

 

 

From the inscriptions flanking the front entrance:

 

The
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
In honor of her sons who
on this field fought for the
Preservation of the Union
July 1.2. & 3. 1863

 

Pennsylvania at Gettysburg
69 Regiments Infantry
9 Regiments Cavalry
7 Batteries Artillery
Total Present 34530
Killed and mortally wounded 1182
Wounded 3177 Missing 860

 

From the tablet inside the entrance:

 

Memorial to the soldiers of Pennsylvania
who fought
at Gettysburg July, 1863, erected under authority
of acts of the General Assembly of Pennsylvania
approved June 13, 1907, and February 11, 1909, by
Edwin S. Stuart
Governor of the Commonwealth

 

The commissioners charged with the selection of the design for the memorial and the construction of it, and who undertook the collection of the names and figures and other data theron, which, necessarily, are approximate, were
St. Clair A. Mulholland - Henry S. Huidekoper - John P. Taylor, Charles F. McKenna - Edward L. Whittelsey, George P. Morgan - Charles E. Quail - Edward A. Irvin, Henry H. Cumings - Jacob C. Stineman

 

From the tablet on the inside right entryway:


To the Loyal Women
who through four years of war, endured
suffering and bereavement.
This tablet is dedicated
in grateful recognition of their patriotism
by the men of Pennsylvania
who served in the Army and Navy of the United
States during the War of the Rebellion.

 

Inscription on the inside right entryway:


Pennsylvania Soldiers of the Army of the Potomac
who participated in the Battle of Gettysburg
2133 Officers of whom 73 were killed or mortally wounded
32,144 enlisted men of whom 1139 wre killed or mortally wounded
Total engaged or on duty 34,247 - total killed or mortally wounded 1212

 

There were required in the construction of the Pennsylvania Memorial:
1252 tons of cut granite
740 tons of sand
366 tons of cement
1240 tons of broken stone
50 tons of steel
22 tons of bronze
Total 3840 tons

 

From the tablet at the stairway:

 

Memorial erected in 1910
Dedicated September 27 1910
W. Liance Cotrell Architect
Samuel A. Murray Sculptor
Harrison Granite Co. Contractors

(below) Statues of President Abraham Lincoln and and Governor Andrew Curtin flank the archway on the west side,
Statue of President Abraham Lincoln from the State of Pennsylvania monument at GettysburgStatue of Governor Andrew Curtin  from the State of Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg
(below) First Corps commander Major General John Reynolds and Army of the Potomac commander Major General George Meade flank the north arch
Statue of First Corps commander Major General John Reynolds from the State of Pennsylvania monument at GettysburgStatue of Army of the Potomac commander Major General George Meade from the State of Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg
(beow) First Division, Third Corps commander Major General David Birney and Cavalry Corps commander Major General Alfred Pleasonton flank the south arch
Statue of First Division, Third Corps commander Major General David Birney from the State of Pennsylvania monument at GettysburgStatue of Cavalry Corps commander Major General Alfred Pleasonton from the State of Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg
(below) Second Corps commander Major General Winfield Scott Hancock and Second Division, Cavalry Corps commander Brigadier General David McM.Gregg flank the eastern arch
Statue of Second Corps commander Major General Winfield Scott Hancock from the State of Pennsylvania monument at GettysburgStatue of Second Division, Cavalry Corps commander Brigadier General David McM.Gregg from the State of Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg
The State of Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg
(above) The State of Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg (see enlargement)
(below) Frieze of Infantry, over the front (west) arch
Frieze of Infantry, over the front (west) arch from the State of Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg
(below) Frieze of cavalry, over the south arch
Frieze of cavalry, over the south arch  from the State of Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg
(below) Frieze of artillery, over the north arch
Frieze of artillery, over the north arch  from the State of Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg
(below) Frieze of signals, over the east arch
Frieze of signals, over the east arch from the State of Pennsylvania monument at Gettysburg
(below) One of the regimental panels listing the members of each Pennsylvania
unit that fought at Gettysburg that line the base of the monument
One of the regimental panels listing the members of each Pennsylvania unit that fought at Gettysburg that line the base of the monument

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About the Author • ©2007-2014 Steve A. Hawks