The monument to the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers is northwest of Gettysburg on Doubleday Avenue, the site of the regiment's position during the fighting on July 1st. (39.84341° N, 77.24208° W; map) It was dedicated by the State of Pennsylvania in 1889.
Three position markers were erected in 1883:
A marker about 80 yards west of the monument on Oak Ridge shows the extent of the regiment's charge on July 1st. (39.843592° N, 77.242902° W; map)
A marker south of Gettysburg on Cemetery Ridge shows the regiment's position during the evening of July 2nd. (39.806506° N, 77.235006° W; map)
A marker in Ziegler's Grove shows the regiment's final position from July 3 to July 6. (39.81698° N, 77.23414° W; map)
The 88th Pennsylvania was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Major Benezet F. Foust. He was wounded on the 1st, and Captain Edmund A. Mass then took command. When Captain Mass was captured Captain Henry Whiteside took over the regiment.
From the main monument:
About noon, July 1st 1863, the regiment was in line along the Mummasburg Road, 200 yards S.E. of this monument. Later it changed direction and formed here, charged forward and captured two battle flags and a number of prisoners. at 4 p.m. the Division was overpowered and forced through the town.
July 2nd the regiment was in position facing the Emmitsburg Road and on July 3rd at Ziegler's Grove, as indicated by markers.
Recruited in Philadelphia and Reading. Mustered in September 1861. Re-enlisted January 1864. Mustered out June 30th 1865.
Engagements: Cedar Mountain, Rappahannock Station, Thoroughfare Gap, Second Bull Run, Chantilly, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, Totopotomoy, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, Peteresburg, Weldon R.R., Dabney's Mill, Boydton Road, Five Forks, Appomattox.
From the position marker to the west of the monument:
On the afternoon of July 1st 1863 the regiment charged to this point capturing two battle flags and a number of prisoners.
All three of the position markers state the regiment's identity and date the markers were erected:
88 PA. Vol.
Erected by the survivors
Held this position
Erected by survivors August 27, 1883
From the Ziegler's Grove marker:
Arrived here in time to assist
Men engaged 294
The principal monument is erected
(above) Monument to the 88th Pennsylvania on Doubleday Avenue.
(below) Closeup of the top of the monument.
(below) Marker for the regiment's position on Oak Ridge on July 1st
(below) Marker for the regiment's position on Cemetery Ridge on July 2
(below) Marker for the regiment's position in Ziegler's Grove on July 3rd
(see larger image)
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