Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War
USA Flag

140th Pennsylvania
Volunteer Infantry Regiment

Second Corps HQ Flag First Division, Second Corps Flag

 

There are two monuments to the 140th Pennylvania Volunteers south of Gettysburg on Sickles Avenue. The smaller monument was erected in 1885 and was paid for by veterans and friends of the regiment. (39.797561° N, 77.245595° W; map)

 

The State of Pennsylvania made funding available for monuments in 1889, and the regimental association elected to use the state funds to create a second and larger monument which was placed 60 yards to the west. (39.79765° N, 77.246225° W; map) It was dedicated on September 11, 1889.

 

About the monument to the 140th Pennsylvania

The main monument is granite and stands a little over sixteen and one half feet high. The monument is capped by a carved drum draped with a flag. The inscribed panel on the fron is flanked by carved rifles, a canteen and cartridge boax, with a carved knapsack just above the base. A brass tablet of the Coat of Arms of the State of Pennsylvania is inset into the front of the monument, and the tefoil symbol of the Second Corps is just below the top of the monument on all four sides.

 

The 140th Pennsylvania was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Colonel Richard P. Roberts, an attorney from Beaver, Pa. He was killed on July 2nd and Lieutenant Colonel John Fraser took command.

 

Lieutenant James L. Purman and Sergeant James Pipes of Company A were awarded the Medal of Honor. While retiring before the rapid advance of the enemy on July 2nd both were severely wounded when they stopped and carried to a place of safety a wounded and helpless comrade.

 

See Lieutenant Colonel Fraser's Official Report of the 140th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the Battle of Gettysburg

 

 

From the front of the main monument:

 

140th Penna.
Infantry.
3d Brig. 1st Div. 2nd Corps

The regiment engaged
the enemy on this
position late in the
afternoon of July 2nd,
succeeding 5th Corps
troops and holding the
right of the 1st Division, 2nd Corps.
Supported battery on left centre
July 3rd.

 

Present at Gettysburg 589 officers and men. Killed and died of wounds, 3 officers 50 men. Wounded 8 officers 120 men. Captured or missing 3 officers 57 men. Total 241.

 

From the left side:

Recruited in
Washington, Beaver, Greene
and Mercer Counties.
Mustered in August - September 1862.
Mustered out May 31, 1865.

From the right side:

Total enrollment 1146.
Killed and died of wounds 10 officers 176 men
Died of disease etc. 1   "  131  "
Wounded 18   "  354  "
Captured or missing 5   "  122  "
Total 817.

From the rear:

Chancellorsville   Petersburg
Gettysburg   Strawberry Plain
Bristoe Station    Deep Bottom
Mine Run   Reams Station
Wilderness   Hatchers Run
Spotsylvania
   Boydton Road
North Anna   Sutherland Station
Totopotomoy   Sailor's Creek,
Cold Harbor   Farmville
Appomattox

 

From the smaller monument:

 

140th Regt. Penna. Vols.
Col. R. P. Roberts commanding.
Zook's Brig., Caldwell's Div., Hancock's Corps.
July 2nd 1863.
(succeeded 5. Corps troops)
Carried into action
29 officers and 560 enlisted men
Lost in action,
14 officers and 34 enlisted men
As follows:
Killed, 3 officers and 34 enlsted men.
Died of wounds 1 officer and 16  "   ".
Wounded, 7 officers and 120  "   ".
Capt'd and missing, 3 oficers and 57  "   ".
In memory of our comrades, 1885.

140, P.V.

Right of First Div. 2. Corps

 

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Main monument to the 140th Pennsylvania Infantry in the Rose Woods at Gettysburg
(above) The main monument to the 140th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment in the Rose Woods at Gettysburg
(below) Original monument to the regiment, about 60 yards to the east on the other side of Sickles Avenue
Original monument to the 140th Pennsylvania Infantry, about 60 yards to the east on the other side of Sickles Avenue from the main monument
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