Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War
USA Flag

4th Ohio
Volunteer Infantry Regiment

Second Corps HQ Flag

Attached to the
1st Brigade, 3rd Division,
Second Army Corps

Third Division, Second Corps Flag

 

Two monuments to the Fourth Ohio Volunteers are on the Gettysburg battlefield. Both were dedicated by the State of Ohio on September 14, 1887.

 

The main monument is on East Cemetery Hill. (39.82097° N, 77.228745° W; map) A smaller monument showing the position of detached Companies G & I is on Emmitsburg Road. (39.81673° N, 77.2363° W; map)

 

About the main monument to the 4th Ohio

The monument consists of a statue of a soldier standing atop a tall pedestal. The pedestal is heavily ornamented, with reliefs of the trefoil symbol of the Second Corps, the Seal of the State of Ohio, flags, rifles and an eagle.

 

The monument, marker, and flank markers were all cast of zinc, or "white bronze". Unfortunately, the material was not as durable as the true bronze of most other metal monuments on the battlefield. The metal was banned for Gettysburg monuments immediately after the 4th Ohio monument was unveiled.

 

By 1976 the monument was leaning to one side and cracks were developing in the base, and the top of the monument was removed for safety reasons. It was restored in 2004 with the addition of a steel plate, the cost paid for by an Ohio group of Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War.

 

The 4th Ohio at the Battle of Gettysburg

The 4th Ohio Infantry was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Leonard W. Carpenter, a medical student from Mount Vernon. It brought 229 men to the field, losing 9 killed, 17 wounded and 5 missing.

 

Official Report
See Lieutenant Colonel Carpenter's Offiical Report on the 4th Ohio at Gettysburg

 

 

From the front of the Cemetery Hill monument:

 

4th Ohio
Infantry,
1st Brigade,
3rd Division,
2nd Corps

Carroll's Brigade

Ohio's Tribute

 

From the left side:

 

On the evening
of
July 2, 1863.
Carroll's Brigade
was sent from its
position with the 2nd
Corps to re-enforce
this position of the
line, and this monument
marks the position
where, as part of that
brigade, the 4th Ohio
Infantry at that time
participated in repelling
an attack of the enemy.

Carroll's Brigade.

Companies A&B from Mt. Vernon,
Knox County
Companies C&I from Delaware
Delaware County
Companies D&G from Kenton
Hardin County

 

From thge right side:

 

Gettysburg
July 2 and 3, 1863.
Killed.

Capt. Samuel J. Shoub, Co. I
Lieut. Addison H. Edgar, Co. G
Corp. John Debolt, Co. B
Private James W. Harl, Co. A
William Bain, Co. G,
George H. Martin Co. G
George H. Martin, Co. G
Asa O. Davis, Co. G,
David W. Collins, Co. G
Andrew Myers, Co. G
Simon Rollenson, Co. I
Jacob Sheak, Co. I
Henry G. Stark, Co. I

Wounded.
Capt. Peter Grubb, Co. G
Sergt. M V. B. Longworth, Co. G
Corp. Lyman S. Ensign, Co. F
Private Wm. D. Breyfogle, Co. C
Samuel Wells, Co. C
Finley Bain, Co. C
James Holloway, Co. C
Reason Gillmore, Co. D
Michael Hermann, Co. G
Henry P. Pfeiffer, Co. G
Wm. Shinderwolf, Co. G
George W. Wilcox, Co. G
John Winstead, Co. I
Jacob Boyer, Co. K
Joseph Short, Co. K

 

From the back:

 

Principal
Engagements.
Rich Mountain
Romney
Blue's Gap
Winchester
Front Royal
Harrison's Landing
Fredericksburg
Chancellorsville
Gettysburg
Bristoe Station
Robertson's Tavern
Mine Run
Morton's Ford
Wilderness
Laurel Hill
Spottsylvania
Ny River
North Anna River
Totopotomoy
Cold Harbor

Carroll's Brigade.

 

Organized for three months' service
at Columbus, Ohio, April 21, 1861.
Reorganized for three years' service
at Camp Dennison, Ohio, June 5, 1861.
Mustered out at expiration of term
of service June 22, 1864.

 

 

From the base of each side of of the marker on Emmitsburg Road:

 

Ohio

 

From the front:

 

Companies G and I,
4th Ohio Infantry,
1st Brigade,
3d Division, 2d Corps,
July 2, 1863.

 

From the left side:

 

At 3 p.m., July 2, 1863, while the regiment was lying on Cemetery Ridge, Companies G and I, Fourth Ohio Infantry, detached under Captain Peter Grubb of Company G, advanced to this position where, with severe loss, they engaged the enemy during the remainder of the day. Late in the evening they were withdrawn to the regiment on East Cemetery Hill.

 

From the right side:

In honor of her
brave sons who
fought here,
the State of Ohio
erects this memorial

 

From the rear:

Pro
Patria

 

See more on the 4th Ohio in the Civil War
Arrow

4th Ohio Infantry monument at Gettysburg
(above) Monument to the 4th Ohio Infantry on Cemetery Hill
(below) Detail of right side of 4th Ohio monument
Closeup of 4th Ohio Infantry monument at Gettysburg
(below) Closeup of front of the monument (see enlargement)
4th Ohio Infantry monument at Gettysburg
4th Ohio Infantry monument at Gettysburg
see enlargement of detail of left side (above)
or of rear of monument (below)
4th Ohio Infantry monument at Gettysburg

(below) Left flank marker
Flank marker of the 4th Ohio Infantry  at Gettysburg
(below) Position marker on Emmitsburg Road
4th Ohio Infantry marker at Gettysburg
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About the Author • ©2007-2014 Steve A. Hawks