Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War
USA Flag

20th New York State Militia
(80th New York Infantry Regiment)

"Ulster Guard"


First Corps HQ Flag Second Division, First Corps Flag


The monument to the 20th New York State Militia is west of Gettysburg on Doubleday Avenue. (39.831432° N, 77.251279° W; map) It was dedicated in 1888 by the State of New York.


A marker is south of town on Hancock Avenue showing the regiment's position on July 2nd and 3rd and telling of its actions during Pickett's Charge. (39.810234° N, 77.236076° W; map)


The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Theodore B. Gates. It brought 375 men to the field.


See Colonel Gates' Official Report
on the 20th New York State Militia
at Gettysburg


From the front of the monument:


Ulster Guard
20th N.Y. State Militia

80th N.Y. Infantry.
1st Brig. 3d Div. 1st. Corps.
Organized 1851 at Kingston, N.Y.
as 20th N.Y.S.M.
Apr. 28, 1861 Entered U.S. service for 3 months.
Sept. 5, 1861 Re-entered service for 3 years.
Sept. 5, 1864 Re-enlisted as veterans for the war.
Jan. 28, 1866 Mustered out of service.


From the rear:


Held substantially this position
from about 12m. July 1st 1863 to 4 p.m.
July 2nd on Cemetery Hill
in support of 3rd Corps.
July 3rd in front line of battle
resisting Pickett's attack.
Number engaged 375.
Killed 35, wounded 111, missing 24.


Fom the left side:


Norman's Ford
Warrenton Springs
2d Bull Run

From the right side:


South Mountain



From the marker on Hancock Avenue (below right):


20th New York State Militia
Ulster Guard

(80th N.Y. Infantry)

From a position south of this point the 20th New York State Militia delivered a most destructive fire into the attacking southerners' right flank. As the enemy infantry moved obliquely to the left, the New York Regiment advanced north along this line firing as they moved to the right. Occupying a new position near the copse of trees the Ulster Guard fought to repel Longstreet's assault, finally charging a group of Confederates, driving them from the shelter of the slashing.


This Hand for Our Country


From the rear:

1st Brigade
3rd Division
1st Corps

Col. Theodore B. Gates
Commanding Regiment


From the right side:


Major Walter A.
Van Rensselaer
was wounded near
the slashing in
a successful
attempt to
capture an enemy

From the left side:


Captain Ambrose
N. Baldwin Co, K
was mortally
wounded in the
final action near
the Copse of Trees.


80th New York Infantry monument at Gettysburg
(above) Monument to the 20th New York State Militia on Doubleday Avenue
(below) Marker showing the regiment's position on July 3rd
80th New York Infantry marker at Gettysburg
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