Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War
USA Flag

20th Maine
Volunteer Infantry Regiment

Fifth Corps HQ Flag First Division, Fifth Corps Flag

 

There are two monuments and a company position marker to the Twentieth Maine on the battlefield at Gettysburg.

 

The main monument is on the southeast side of Little Round Top. (39.789476° N , 77.236146° W; map) This marks the center of the line the regiment held during its famous defense of Little Round Top on July 2nd. It was dedicated in 1886 by the State of Maine.

 

A marker showing the position of the regiment's Company B during the defense of Little Round Top is 100 yards to the east of the main monument. (39.788895° N, 77.234721° N; map) Captain Morrill and about 40 men of company B joined by a group of United States Sharpshooters were placed here to provide some protection to the flank of the 20th Maine.

 

A monument near the summit of Big Round Top shows the position to which the 20th Maine advanced during the evening July 2nd and which it held through the morning of the 3rd. (39.786642°N, 77.239544° W; map) It was dedicated in 1889.

 

Colonel Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, the 20th Maine's commander at the Battle of Gettysburg, has become one the most famous men of the Civil War thanks to the novel The Killer Angels and the movie Gettysburg. He was wounded six times, earned the Medal of Honor, and went on after the war to serve as Governor of Maine and President of Bowdoin College.

 

The 20th Maine brought 386 men to the field, of whom 29 were killed, 91 wounded, and 5 missing. The names of the casualties are listed on the monument on Little Round Top (see below).

 

Medal of Honor

Colonel Chamberlain and Sergeant Andrew Tozier were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions on July 2nd. Chamberlain for "daring heroism and great tenacity in holding his position on the Little Round Top against repeated assaults, and carrying the advance position on the Great Round Top" Tozier who, "At the crisis of the engagement this soldier, a color bearer, stood alone in an advanced position, the regiment having been borne back, and defended his colors with musket and ammunition picked up at his feet."


Official Records
See the Colonel Chamberlain's Official Report of for the 20th Maine Regiment in the Battle of Gettysburg and of Captain Clark's report for the end of the campaign.

 

From the front of the monument on Little Round Top:

Twentieth Maine
Volunteer Infantry
Third Brig. First Div.
Fifth Corps

 

From the right side:

 

Here the 20th Maine Regiment, Col. J. L. Chamberlain commanding, forming the extreme left of the national line of battle on the 2nd day of July 1863, repulsed the attack of the extreme right of Longstreet's Corps and charged in turn, capturing 308 prisoners. The regiment lost 38 killed or mortally wounded and 93 wounded out of 358 engaged.

This monument erected by survivors of this regiment A.D. 1888. Marks very nearly the spot where the colors stood.

 

From the left side:

 

Names of the officers and men of the Twentieth Maine Volunteers who were killed or died of wounds received in this action:

Capt. Charles W. Billings
1 Lieut. Arad H. Linscott
2nd Lieut. Warren L. Kendall
Corp. Joseph D.Simpson
Priv. John Reed Jr.
1st Serg. Issac W. Estes
Priv. Elliott L. Fogg
 "  Moses Davis
 "  Oliver L. Stevens
 "  Charles M. Beadle
Corp. Willard Pinkham
 "  Andrew D. Maybury
Priv. Stephen A. Prescott
Corp. Paschal M. Tripp
 "  John Foss
 "  William S. Hodgdon
Priv. Seth W. Clark
 "  John Wentworth

From the rear:

Priv. Oscar Wyer
 "  Charles F. Hall
 "  Benjamin W. Grant
 "  Frank B. Curtis
 "  Elfin J. Ross
Serg. William S. Jordan
Corp. Melville C. Law
Priv. James A. Knight
1st Serg. Charles W. Steele
Serg.George W. Buck
 "  Isaac M. Lathrop
Priv. Aaaron Adams
 "  Goodwin S. Ireland
 "   Iredell Lamson
 "  Alexander E. Lester
1st Serg. George S. Noyes
Priv. James R. Merrill
 "  William F. Merrill
 "  Stephen C. Chase
 "  Williard W. Buxton

Co. C
 "   I
 "  G
 "  A
 "  A

 "  C
 "  C
 "  C
 "  C
 "  C
 "  D
 "  D
 "  D
 "  F
 "  F
 "  F
 "  F
 "  F

 

Co. F
 "  F
 "  F
 "  F
 "  F
 "  G
 "  G
 "  G
 "  H
 "  H
 "  H
 "  H
 "  H
 "  H
 "  I
 " K
 " K
 " K
 " K 
 " K    

From the Company B marker:

Position of Company B,
20th Me. Vols., Capt. Walter
G. Morrill, detached as
skirmishers, attacking
the enemy's right flank,
afternoon of July 2, 1863.

 

 

From the monument on Big Round Top:

 

The 20th Maine Reg.
3d Brig. 1st. Div. 5th Corps
Colonel
Joshua L. Chamberlain
captured and held this
position on the evening
of July 2d, 1863, pursuing
the enemy from its front
on the line marked by
its monument below.
The Regt. lost in the battle
130 killed and wounded
out of 358 engaged.
This monument marks the
extreme left of the Union
line during the battle of
the 3d day.

 

See more about the 20th Maine in the Civil War
Arrow

20th Maine Monument on Little Round Top at Gettysburg
(above) The 20th Maine's monument on Little Round Top - enlarge enlarge
(below) The position marker for Company B - enlarge enlarge
Marker for 20th Maine, Company B on Little Round Top
The 20th Maine's monument on Big Round Top - enlarge enlarge
or a closeup of its text
enlarge
20th Maine Monument on Big Round Top at Gettysburg
(below) left flank marker next to the trail up Big Round Top
Left flank marker of the 20th Maine Infantry on Big Round Top at Gettysburg
(below) The north (left) of the Little Round Top monument - enlarge enlarge
20th Maine on Little Round Top thumbnail












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