Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War
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12th Illinois
Cavalry Regiment

The monument to the Twelfth Illinois Cavalry is west of Gettysburg on Reynolds Avenue between the Railroad Cut and Chambersburg Road. (39.837082° N, 77.248556° W; map) The monument was dedicated in 1891 by the State of Illinois.


The regiment had parts of five companies at Gettysburg and was combined with the 3rd Indiana Cavalry under the command of Colonel George H. Chapman. The combined regiments totaled 588 men and lost 4 killed, 10 wounded and 6 missing.



From the front of the monument:


Illinois Cavalry

1st Brig. 1st Div.
Cav. Corps

First line of battle
July 1, 1863. Held until relieved
by 1st Corps
One Squadron picketing
ridge east of Marsh creek
met enemy's left advance

Ferdinand Ushuer
Thos. G. Blanset
John Ellis
Gabriel B. Durham
Homer C. Stedman


From the rear:

Regiment retired to
ridge on left rear,
with Brigade fought
dismounted, repulsing
attacks of the enemy.
Covered the withdrawal
of line to Cemetery Hill
and in the evening
took position on
left flank of the Army
July 2, 1863
Buford's Division
retired toward Westminster




Monument to the 12th Illinois Cavalry on the Civil War battlefield of Gettysburg
(above) Monument to the 12th Illinois Cavalry Regiment at Gettysburg
(below) Closeup of the details from the top of the monument
Closeup of the details from the top of the monument
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