Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War
Confederate Headquarters

Second Army Corps

The monument to the Second Army Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia is north of Mummasburg Road by the Peace Memorial (above right). A position tablet is on Seminary Avenue (center right).


The corps was commanded at the Battle of Gettysburg by Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell (USMA '40), a career Army officer who had been born in the District of Columbia and raised in Virginia. He had taken over the Second Corps after the death of "Stonewall" Jackson in May.



From the monument:


Army of Northern Virginia
Second Army Corps
Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell

Early's Division Major General Jubal A. Early
Johnson's Division Major General Edward Johnson
Rodes's Division Major General R. E. Rodes
Artillery Reserve Eight Batteries
Colonel J. Thompson


July 1.The Corps occupied the left of the Confederate line and reached the field in the following order Rodes's Division by Newville Road about noon and deploying along Oak Ridge soon became engaged Early's Division on the Harrisburg Road about 1 P. M. and united with Rodes's left in an attack on the First and Eleventh Corps Union troops and drove them through the town to Cemetery Ridge. Johnson's Division reached the field about night and not engaged late in the night moved along the railroad and took position on the left of Corps and northeast of town.


July 2. In the early morning Johnson's Division was ordered to take possession of a wooded hill on the left. Skirmishers were advanced and a desultory fire kept up until 4 P. M. when the artillery from Benner's Hill opened the firing continued for two hours. The batteries were withdrawn much crippled. The Division about dusk was advanced to the assault in connection with Early's Division on the right the battle continuing until after dark. A partial success was made by a portion of each division but not being supported on the right was withdrawn to the former positions.


July 3. Early in the morning an attack was made by Johnson's Division having been reinforced by three brigades from the Corps two other assaults were made but failed. Early's Division was withdrawn and occupied its former position in the town and not engaged. At night the Corps fell back to the range of hills west of the town.


July 4. The Corps took up line of march during the night.


Casualties Killed 809 Wounded 3823 Missing 1305 Total 5937



From the Seminary Avenue tablet:

Army of Northern Virginia
Ewell's Corps
Rodes' Early's and Johnson's Divisions


July 4. Having withdrawn under orders from its previous positions the Corps formed line about daybreak on this ridge with its right a short distance south of the Hagerstown Road its left near the Mummasburg Road and its center near here. Rodes was on the right Johnson on the left and Early on a supporting line in their rear. The breastworks of stone here and the old earthworks beyond the railroad are remains of defenses then thrown up and indicate the position of the front line.


July 5. The three divisions left here at different hours but all were on the march to Hagerstown early in the morning of this day.

Monument to the 2nd Army Corps, Army of Northern Virginia at Gettysburg
(above) Monument to the Second Corps at Gettysburg
(below) Position marker on Seminary Ridge Marker to the 2nd Army Corps, Army of Northern Virginia at Gettysburg
(below) Confederate Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell
Confederate Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell
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